5 Ways To Survive US Marine’s Boot Camp

Posted By nigel8137

The first point that must as well be regarded as some kind of combat anthem at the US Marine boot camp is discipline. With it lies the road to glory and being fully enlisted in the army, or the shamefaced dismissal which has become with time the most humiliating homecoming party for dismissed officers. That is why survival is so dependent on following orders, attending instructive drills and even undergoing tough tasks. One should never retort to an officer because he will keep an eye on the transgressor.

The second way to surviving in a US Marine’s boot camp is having mental composure. The fact that this military training is conducted on strict equality rules means that one must accept duties that in normal life they would not contemplate of doing. For example, one must change his or her mindset on not washing the toilet crystal clean because sooner or later it may be demanded of them to do so.

Another way is to appreciate the schedule of the US Marine’s boot camp. In normal circumstances, after the morning chores and breakfast at 5 p.m. each day, there is usually one session of training from 7 a.m. to 1 p.m. succeeded by another that goes up to 5.30 p.m. The latter part of the evening is dedicated to drill instructions. Learning to appreciate this can be a good way to manage the stress of daily training.

The fourth way to survive US marine’s boot camp is to be physically fit at the outset. The body must be flexible enough to endure the fast paced sit ups, multiple abdominal sit-ups and several miles of running in less than fourteen minutes. The fifth way is to share the ordeal with the rest of the pals who may be undergoing the same torture. This creates a sense of oneness and one feels less discriminated against.

Thus to survive the US marine’s boot camp, the recruited must not only be in good bodily shape but must also develop a positive mind set. All this can be learned in an upcoming guide that will reveal more on the endurance of the marines at training.

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Anti tank and aircraft weapons

RBS70 Man portable air defense system

Posted By nigel8137

RBS 70 is a so called “Man-portable Air-defense system” which can takes care of any threat from enemy aircraft and helicopters in short ranges up to eight kilometers away. Design by Swedish in 1977 but today used in more than ten countries all over the world including Australia, Argentina, Bahrain, Brazil, United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Norway, Pakistan, Singapore and Tunisia.

RBS 70 was designed to be carried around and fired by one single soldier. It uses an effective SAM system(laser guided missile system) which is perfect for short range attacks. SAM system replaced the old HAWK system.

One main reason Sweden have designed this low-costing easy to use mobile weapon was their obsession with mobility and low maintenence.

Soldier that operates the RBS 70 is getting all the needed information from the small SLT (combat-control terminal), which looks like a small portable computer. SLT receives information about the target through encoded radio broadcast by a radar station. When the target is aquired the operator switches the weapon to the laser guidance. If there is a lock-on (a positive feedback from IFF signal) operator fires a missile. The flight of the missile is adjusted by the operator which needs to aim to the target constantly. Missile must hit within the 30 meter radios for the kill.

Through time RBS 70 has been constantly updated and improved. At first it used Mk 1 missile but today they are produced with a Mk 2 missile which flies at speed up to Mach 2. The latest model called BOLIDE (2005) is the newest improvement which expands the range of the weapon up to eight kilometers and the altitude of five kilometers. Bolide system also uses different warheads for different demands and different targets.

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Aircraft and Helicopters

AH-64 Apache attack helicopter

Posted By nigel8137

Apache AH-64 military attack helicopter is one of the most respected combat helicopters ever created. Two seate r with four blades in the main and tail rotor was seen in action in Panama, Gulf war, Afghanistan and Iraq. First one produced in 1984 and ever since it was one of major air to land, air to air weapons in U.S. Army.
Designed by Hughes Helicopters for Army’s Advanced Attack Helicopter program.

Through many years AH-64 got many improvements. Latest is AH-64D Apache Longbow which is currently in use of U.S. Army.

AH-64 variations:

AH-64A is the original attack helicopter. Two seater with four blades combined with two turbo-shaft engines. 30mm M230 chain gun in combination with AMG Hellfire anti-tank missiles, Hydra 70 unguided rockets and air to air missiles for defense AIM-92 Stinger.

AH-64B upgrade from AH-64A brought newly developed GPS system and other electronics including improved navigation system and new radios. This model was soon cancel and all new gadgets were built in previously mentioned AH-64A.

AH-64C and AH-64D both quite similar and brought a lot of new improvements in sensor and weapon system. Helicopter also got a new more powerful engines. The key improvement was a small dome installed over the main rotor which housed FCR – “Fire control radar.”

Sea Apache was a modified AH-64A for Navy purposes.

Design and armaments:

AH-64 power comes from two General Electric T700 turboshaft engines. The power from engines is transferred in four blades in the main rotor and in the tail rotor. There are two seats, one for a pilot and copilot(gunner) which takes care of firing weapons. Its armor provides some safety and can sustain hits from 23mm gunfire.
AH-64 is armed with the main 30mm M230 Chain gun, which aim is in the gunner’s helmet mounted display. Other weapons are stored in its stub-wing pylons. Usually it is armed with AGM-114 Hellfire missiles used for ground targets, Hydra 70 unguided 70mm rockets and AIM92 air to air missiles.
Sophisticated radars and other electronics such as GPS, Target acquisition and designation system combined with pilot night vision system allow this steeal bird to operate in combat during the day or night.

Today AH-64 is used in countries all over the world including Egypt, Greece, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and United States.

General characteristicsapache ah-64 attack helicopter

Crew: 2: pilot, co-pilot/gunner
Length: 58.17 ft (17.73 m)
Rotor diameter: 48 ft (14.63 m)
Height: 12.7 ft (3.87 m)
Empty weight: 11,387 lb (5,165 kg)
Loaded weight: 18,000 lb (8,000 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 21,000 lb (9,500 kg)
Engines: two T700 turboshaft engines
Fuselage length : 49 ft 5 in (15.06 m)
Rotor systems : 4 blade main and tail rotor


Maximum speed: 158 knots (182 mph, 293 km/h)
Cruise speed: 143 knots (165 mph, 265 km/h)
Combat radius: 260 nmi (300 mi, 480 km)
Rate of climb: 2,500 ft/min (12.7 m/s)


Guns: 1× 30×113 mm M230 chain gun
Rockets: Hydra 70 unguided rockets
Missiles: AGM-114 Hellfire, AIM-92 Stinger, and AIM-9 Sidewinder

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Aircraft and Helicopters

Tupolev Tu-160 Russian Bomber – “Blackjack”

Posted By nigel8137

Heaviest and most powerful bomber ever created, Russian (soviet) Tu-160. This so called strategic bomber was built during the Cold War as a respond so B-1B. But Tu-160 was not only mass and power but also a very sophisticated bomber. It is powered by four 25,000kg (55,025lb) turbofans, mounted in pairs, which are capable of thrusting this bomber up to Mach 2. The “swing wing” system also does its part, providing optimal performance, at all speeds, using angles in range from 20 to 65 degrees. Aircraft is managed by four-crew personal: two pilots, navigator and electronic systems operator. Pilots fly the Tu-160 using a flying stick which is primarily used by fighter aircraft. Using the terrain-following radar, Tu-160 could carry out missions at high speeds at low altitudes. It has no defensive armament but it can carry up to 12 Kh-55, Kh-15 or a nuclear bomb. That sums up to 16,500kg (36,316lb) of heavy armament. From 1984 when first produced, Tu-160 played an important role in service until the collapse of USSR in 1991.
Initial production number of Tu-160 bomber aircraft was 100, but only 36 have been built due to Strategic
Arms Limitation restrictions.

Specifications and characteristics:
Wingspan – 55.7m (182ft 9in)
Length – 54.1m (177ft 6in)
Height – 13.1m (43ft)
Wing area – 360 sq meters (3875sq ft)
Weight – 110,000kg (242,110lb) – empty; 275,000kg (605,275lb) – max take-off
Maximum speed – 2220km/h (1378mph)
Ceiling – 15,006m (49,235ft)
Range – 12,300km (7638ml)
Power – four Kuznetsov 25,000kg (55,025lb) turbofans

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Light assault weapons

M24 has a new successor M 110 sniper rifle

Posted By nigel8137

M110 Semi-Automatic sniper rifle was designed to combine perfectly accuracy, firepower, light-weight and rate of firing in one single weapon.
It uses an instant kill 7.62x51mm NATO ammunition, the same as its predecessor M24. Manufacturer Knight’s Armament Company tried to keep the M24’s accuracy when designing the M110.
It also uses a very efficient sound and muzzle flash suppressor which can make all the difference in sniper missions where stealth is most important.

M110 uses the updated rail system design wth integral folding front 600 meter back-up iron sight. It has adjustable buttstock and uses
KAC’s 30 mm scope. Another unique feature this sniper rifle possesses is a thermal optical sight which enables the shooter to see even through fog, dense smoke or at night.

This weapon is being used in the US army since 2009 and it is also being sold commercially under High Power Rifle Rules.

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Light assault weapons

Heckler & Koch MP7 armor piercing assault rifle

Posted By nigel8137

MP7 designed and manufactured by Heckler & Koch is a small submachine gun. It’s main characteristic is that it was designed to penetrate body armor, although it is small and lightweight. NATO requested this high quality body armor penetrating machine gun and got MP7 which uses 4.6x30mm cartridge. Since 2001 when the MP7 was first manufactured NATO revised the weapon and upgraded it to MP7A1(redesigned pistol grip, side mounted rails for iron sights).
MP7 is merely a scaled-down assault rifle, capable of firing its special designed ammunition with the same velocity as the standard 5.56x45mm NATO cartridge, which is a common ammunition used today. Bullet does not only achieve the sam velocity but is also made out of hardened steel penetrator. With 950 rounds per minute and with 20/30/40-round box magazine it is perfect for close range combat. Due to its lightweight construction materials it can be fired either one-handed or two-handed. Top-mounted rail can provide iron sights and optical sights aswell as laser aiming module and flashlights.
It is currently used all over the globe by Austria, Germany, Ireland, Jordan, Norway, Oman, South Korea and United Kingdom.

Specifications and characteristics:

Weight – 1.9kg (4.19lb)
Length – 638mm (25.1in)
Barrel Length – 180mm (6.7 in)
Action – Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire – 950 rounds/min
Cartridge – 4.6x30mm
Effective range – 200m
Muzzle velocity – 725m/s (2,379ft/s)


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Anti tank and aircraft weapons

T-90 Russian Tank

Posted By nigel8137

After the break of Soviet Union Russia was left alone to defend itself. Newly designed tank built by Uralvagonzavod in Nizhny Tagil was T-90.

All are familiar with well-known ancestor T-72 which was a starting build-off point for the new T-90 which became a Russian main battle tank in 1995.

In 1992 Russian Defense Ministry demanded a new tank to exchange expensive but more quality T-80 and cheaper but older T-72. Bothwere built at different plants which meant bigger costs.

Many models of T-90 were built for different purposes.

T-90 is standing for an original production model, T-90K and T-90SK were a command version of T-90, T-90E and T-90S were made for export, T-90A army version with welded turret.

They came in four variations for different purposes and demands.

BREM-72 as an armored recovery vehicle, MTU-90 was a bridge layer tank, IMR-3 as combat engineer vehicle and BMR-3 as mine clearing vehicle.


The 2A46M 125mm smoothbore gun was T-90’s main armament. This gun was also used in older T-80 tanks. It is capable of firing different missiles for different purposes: armor piercing discarding sabot, high explosive anti tank missiles, high explosive ammunition and 9M119M Refleks anti tank guided missiles which operate with a semi automatic laser beam and hollow charge HEAT warhead. Being effective in ranges up to six kilometers it can take out almost any armor. Even helicopters cannot escape its fire power, with Korn 12.7mm anti-aircraft machine gun it can take out any low flying aircraft or helicopter.

T-90 is operated by crew of three people (commander, gunner and driver). It uses an automatic missile loader which removes the need for a manual loader. Automatic loader can load a round every 4-5 seconds and it can carry up to 22 ready to fire missiles.

T-90 can operate during the day or night by using night sighting system mounted at commanders station which allows him to operate the tank at night. It also uses the ESSA thermal imaging sight which allows commander to engage in action at a range from 5km to 8km.

T-90 is protected by a mixture of modern armor: steel armor plating, explosive reactive armor Kontakt-5 and composite armor. Explosive reactive armor is also placed on the top of the tank to defend itself from air attacks. When using Kontakt-5 the T-90 is very tricky to penetrate. No RPG, anti tank guided missile or KE (kinetic energy) penetrator can harm T-90.

One of the main improvements in Russian tanks is a Shtora-1 suite which includes two infrared jammers, four laser warning receivers, two aerosol grenade discharging systems and new control system. It warns the commander if the tank has been locked-on by a weapon- guidance system.



Weight: 46.5 tones

Length: 9.53 m (31.27 ft)

Width: 3.78 m (9.12 ft)

Height: 2.22 m (7.28 ft)

Crew: 3 (commander, gunner, driver)


Classified steel-composite-reactive blend
Primary armament: 125 mm smoothbore gun

Secondary armament: 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun

Engine Models:

84 V-84 diesel
V-92 12-cyl. diesel
V-96 12-cyl. diesel

Operational range: 650 km

Max Speed: 65 km/h

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Light assault weapons

Steyr AUG Austrian assaul rifle

Posted By nigel8137

Steyr AUG is an assault rifle designed and built in Austria and came into service in 1977. Today it is a standard light assault rifle in countries all around the globe including United States. Steyr AUG was tested in many combat situations including in the Afghanistan and Iraq war. Many versions of AUG were built but all use 5.56mm NATo ammunition with conventional gas piston operated action. The basic AUG rifle uses a 30-round magazine box. To increase weapons accuracy, it uses an integrated 1.5x telescopic sight. With it, AUG is effective in all ranges from 300-500m away. Three open-type flash suppressors were also used. Many variations and barrel lengths were made for different purpuses. From 350mm barrel to 621mm barrel. Some were even equipped with small grenade launchers and there is a place for bayonet.

Many variants were created to meet the demands for different purposes:

* AUG A1 – standard version from 1977
* AUG A2 – an upgrade from A1, it features a redesigned charging handle and a detachable telescopic sight
* AUG A3 – another upgrade from A1 and A2, but features a MIL-STD-1913 rail on top of the receiver, and an external bolt release
* AUG A3 SF – Similar to the AUG A2, but features MIL-STD-1913 rails mounted on the telescopic sight and on the right side of the receiver, and includes an external bolt release
* AUG A3 SA USA – Semi-automatic AUG A3 with a 407 mm (16.0 in) barrel
* AUG P – Semi-automatic AUG A1 with a shorter, 407 mm (16.0 in) barrel.
* AUG P Special Receiver – Similar to the AUG P, but features a MIL-STD-1913 rail on top of the receiver.
* AUG 9mm – Chambered in 9x19mm Parabellum and produced since 1988.
* AUG A3 9mm XS – 9mm version of the AUG A3, similar to the AUG 9mm. Features a 325 mm (12.8 in) barrel and Picatinny rail system.
* AUG M203 – An AUG modified for use with the M203 grenade launcher.
* AUG LSW – A family of light support versions of the AUG.
* AUG HBAR – A longer, heavier-barreled version for use as a light machine gun.
* AUG LMG – Based on the AUG HBAR, fires from an open bolt, has 4x rather than 1.5x optic of the base AUG.
* AUG LMG–T – Same as LMG, but has rail similar to the AUG P Special Receiver.
* AUG HBAR–T – A designated marksman rifle based on the HBAR with a universal scope mount cast into the receiver and fitted with a Kahles ZF69 6×42 optical sight.
* AUG Z – Semi-automatic version, somewhat similar to the A2, intended primarily for civilian use.
* AUG SA – Semi-automatic version of the A1 variant; built for civilian use and import to the US before being banned from importation in 1989.
* USR – An AUG A2 modified to meet U.S. BATF regulations, with modifications including a thumbhole grip.

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Aircraft and Helicopters

Eurocopter Tiger European Anti-Tank Helicopter

Posted By nigel8137

Eurocopter Tiger helicopter came about as a joint venture between France and Germany. Both nations were desperate to replace and upgrade its anti tank force with new helicopter. Designing and creating Eurocopter Tiger, which became known as the most advanced combat helicopter to be designed in Europe. It first flew in 1991 and soon was available in three versions which are used until today, by Germany, France, Australia and Spain.
First version called “HAP” is a French army’s support version, second is “HAC” also French anti tank version and third is German “UHT” used as a multirole anti tank and support helicopter. Tiger helicopter includes all most advanced features as: advanced cockpit displays(Helmet-Mounted Sight Display), new composites(80% carbon fiber, 11% aluminium and 6% titanium), twi MTR 390 turboshafts, new hydraulic system and fuel system. Two turboshafts can provide about 980kW of power and in combination with four blade main rotor can achieve speeds up to 269 km/h. It can hover up to 10,500 ft above the ground and can stay airborne for maximum up to three hours. Two people need to operate Tiger, pilot and weapons systems operator.
Tiger is armed with top anti-tank weapons HOT 2 and 3, Matra Mistral AAMs, Trigats and Stinger AAMs and a 30mm gatling



Weight – 3300kg (7275lb)
Max takeoff mass – 6100kg (13,448lb)
Main rotor diameter – 13m (42ft 8in)
Fuselage length – 14m (46ft)
Height – 4.32m (14ft 2in)
Rotor disc area – 132.7 sq meters (1428.8 sq ft)

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